Extortion (also called shakedown, outwrestling and exaction) is a criminal offense of obtaining money, property, or services from an individual or institution, through coercion. It is sometimes euphemistically referred to spil a “protection racket” since the racketeers often phrase their requests spil payment for “protection” from (real or hypothetical) threats from unspecified other parties, however often, and almost always, the person or organization suggesting “protection” is the same one willing to cause harm if the money is not paid, and such is implied ter the “protection” suggest. Extortion is commonly practiced by organized crime groups. The actual obtainment of money or property is not required to commit the offense. Making a threat of violence which refers to a requirement of a payment of money or property to halt future violence is sufficient to commit the offense. Exaction refers not only to extortion or the requiring and obtaining of something through force,  but additionally, te its formal definition, means the infliction of something such spil anguish and suffering or making somebody bear something unpleasant. [Two]
Extortion is distinguished from robbery. Ter robbery, whether armed or not, the offender takes property from the victim by the instantaneous use of force or fear that force will be instantly used (spil te the classic line, “Your money or your life”). Extortion, which is not limited to the taking of property, involves the spoken or written instillation of fear that something will toebijten to the victim if they do not conform with the extortionist’s will. Another key distinction is that extortion always involves a spoken or written threat, whereas robbery does not. Te United States federal law, extortion can be committed with or without the use of force and with or without the use of a weapon.
Te blackmail, which always involves extortion, the extortionist menaces to expose information about a victim or their family members that is potentially embarrassing, socially hurting, or incriminating unless a request for money, property, or services is met.
The term extortion is often used metaphorically to refer to usury or to price-gouging, however neither is legally considered extortion. It is also often used loosely to refer to everyday situations where one person feels indebted against their will, to another, te order to receive an essential service or avoid legal consequences.
Neither extortion strafgevangenis blackmail requires a threat of a criminal act, such spil violence, merely a threat used to elicit deeds, money, or property from the object of the extortion. Such threats include the filing of reports (true or not) of criminal behavior to the police, revelation of hurting facts (such spil pictures of the object of the extortion ter a compromising position), etc.
Ter the United States, extortion may also be committed spil a federal crime across a pc system, phone, by mail or te using any muziekinstrument of interstate commerce. Extortion requires that the individual sent the message willingly and knowingly spil elements of the crime. The message only has to be sent (but does not have to reach the intended recipient) to commit the crime of extortion.
England and Wales Edit
Te England and Wales extorting property and money by coercion may be the felony of Blackmail which covers any “unwarranted request with menaces” including physical threats. See section 21 of the Theft Act 1968 plus sections 29 and 30 of the Larceny Act 1916. A group of people may also be committing conspiracy.
Cyberextortion is when an individual or group uses the internet spil an offensive force. The group or individual usually sends a company a menacing email stating that they have received confidential information about their company and will exploit a security leak or launch an attack that will harm the company’s network. The message sent through the email usually requests money te exchange for the prevention of the attack. [Three] [Four]
Ter March 2008, Anthony Digati wasgoed arrested on federal charges of extortion through interstate communication. Digati waterput $50,000 into a variable life insurance policy by Fresh York Life Insurance Company and dreamed a terugwedstrijd of $198,303.88. When the stiff didn’t obey, he threatened to send out 6 million spam emails. He registered a domain ter February 2008 that contained Fresh York Life’s name te the URL to display false public statements about the company and enhanced his request to $Three million. [Five] According to prosecutors, Digati’s intent wasgoed not to inform or educate but he wished to “harm the reputation of Fresh York Life and cost the company millions of dollars te revenue,”.  Fresh York Life contacted the Federal Schrijftafel of Investigation and Digati wasgoed apprehended.
On February 15, 2011, Spanish police apprehended a man who attempted to blackmail Nintendo overheen customer information he had stolen. The man stole private information about Four,000 users and emailed Nintendo Iberica, Nintendo’s Spanish division, and accused the company of gegevens negligence. He threatened the company that he would make the information public and complain to the Spanish Gegevens Agency if his requests were not met. After Nintendo overlooked his requests, he published some of the information on an Internet forum. Nintendo notified authorities and the man wasgoed arrested te Malaga. No information has bot exposed spil to what the man demanded from Nintendo.